- This very broad school of thought originated in the 1920s and ended its development around 1970. Notable figures associated with Western Marxism include Georgii Lukács, Karl Korsch, Antonio Gramsci, Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Herbert Marcuse, and Jean-Paul Sartre. This represents a role call of some of the greatest and most innovative of Marxist thinkers, all linked by their rejection of the orthodox Marxism of the Soviet Union and of the Second International. Typical themes of Western Marxism are humanism, conceiving of Marxism as philosophy not science, and an openness to Hegelian dialectical philosophy and other non-Marxist sources for inspiration. The Frankfurt School represents an important school within Western Marxism, and also highlights the often academic character of Western Marxism and the tendency of its exponents not to involve themselves directly in workingclass movements and the revolutionary struggle (Gramsci being a notable exception). Some of the most inventive and sophisticated developments of Marxist theory have come out of Western Marxism, but, arguably, this has involved an implicit critique and undermining of Marxism.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Western Marxism — is a term used to describe a wide variety of Marxist theoreticians based in Western and Central Europe (and more recently North America), in contrast with philosophy in the Soviet Union. While Georg Lukács s History and Class Consciousness… … Wikipedia
Marxism — Part of a series on Marxism … Wikipedia
Marxism — /mahrk siz euhm/, n. the system of economic and political thought developed by Karl Marx, along with Friedrich Engels, esp. the doctrine that the state throughout history has been a device for the exploitation of the masses by a dominant class,… … Universalium
Marxism (Philosophies of) — Philosophies of Marxism Lenin, Lukács, Gramsci, Althusser Michael Kelly INTRODUCTION Marxist philosophy can be seen as a struggle with Hegel or a struggle with capitalism, that is, as an intellectual or a political movement. Neither of these… … History of philosophy
Marxism–Leninism — Part of a series on Marxism–Leninism … Wikipedia
Marxism and religion — Part of a series on Marxism … Wikipedia
western Africa, history of — Introduction history of the region from the 11th century to the present. A reasonable body of sources for the writing of western African history begins to be available about AD 1000. Three centuries earlier, the Arabs (Arab) had… … Universalium
EUROPEAN MARXISM — Early European Marxism: Orthodoxy and Revisionism ■ Abraham, R. Rosa Luxemburg. A Life for the International. Oxford: Berg, 1989. ■ Basso, L. Rosa Luxemburg. A Reappraisal. London: Deutsch, 1975. ■ Bebel, August. Woman Under Socialism. New… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Japanese marxism — Marxism has failed to gain significant support in Japan despite the country having had a large urban working class and having been at the forefront of technological development since World War II. The Japanese Communist Party (JCP; Nihon… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Cultural Marxism — is a term referring to a group of Marxists who have sought to apply critical theory to matters of family composition, gender, race, and cultural identity within Western society. Contents 1 Explanation of the Cultural Marxism theory 1.1 Frankfurt… … Wikipedia